[color=#0000FF]Quality in the Teaching of English. English being the language of international communications, is widely spoken all over the world. It is the urgent need of the day for advanced studies and for running first class business at international level, so is the key to international success. With a view to keep pace with the enhancement of its status in our educational institutions, today we are resoluted to embark on a strategic plan of mass education in English language as is the dire need of the age. While advancing towards its adequate acquirement, not only quantity but quality should be taken into considerable account, rather both the element should go hand in hand. To seek solution to our countless problems, we require outstanding and talented leaders in the sphere of English language Teaching to cope with the increasing challenge of quality in the Teaching of English for quality is the essence of every success and achievement. Quality is vital to acquire remarkable status in every walk of life. Scientific Approach. Improved methods of Teaching English are urgently needed as it is the language of modern technology, science, art, politics, medicine, etc. A systematic and scientific approach is required for its adequate teaching. It causes a lot of confusion if taught haphazardly; really a hard task to accomplish. Unless the teacher adopts befittingly structured and cautiously designed methods, ultimate success is unthinkable. Concerted efforts are needed to charter a well planned programme for the purpose. Inculcating an attitude to learn. Modern Trends of education regard the pupil as the center of all activities. Teacher strives hard to capture his interest and attention as these are vital to all efficient teaching. The success of the teacher does not lie in impressive Teaching only rather depends upon the fact how far has he set the student exploring new horizons for himself. It is how to inculcate an attitude to learn; that is all important. Learning by doing. A lot of emphasis is laid on Teaching the action verbs by actually performing the actions. The concepts thus formed sink deep into the mind and one tends to become what one does. Activity provides vividness to experience. For instance, when the students have just returned from the zoo, they would describe their experiences most enthusiastically. Likewise, they would write interestingly about a picnic party or a boating trip, immediately after having a trip. This is how learning process is accomplished by ‘doing’. It improves vocabulary in general and action words in particular. Functional Approach. Before the Functional Approach was taken into fashion, reading and writing were initiated with the letters of alphabets which are abstract to the pupils and is devoid of interest at all. The modern trend opines to establish the functional approach in the Teaching of the both. It is necessitated to begin with the words of immediate interest to them and come from the range of their experience. They should also be provided with variety of exercises for the purpose to prepare them to read and write conveniently. The readiness tenure is considered to be a very significant one. Audio- Visual Aids. Modern trend of Teaching English emphasizes a lot on the use of Audio-Visual aids to attract the interest of the students. These are considered to be an integral part of the Teaching of foreign language in the advanced countries. The exercise of pictures, films and lingua phone records infuses a new life in their bones. A teacher who is considerably dedicated to this work, taps up all possible sources to procure the required material. He harnesses the potentialities and capabilities of the students for the purpose. Oral Work. With a view to laying a concrete foundation in the Teaching of English, oral work is highly recognized as the vital skill. It is crystal clear that the unerring language sense which is independent of all grammar, can only be cultivated by forming good speech habits. No syntax knowledge can be of any avail in this regard. Reading and Writing are part and parcel of a language but speaking is the natural mode of expression. The traditional methods of Teaching language are now considered to be vague ones rather modern trend is very much inclined towards oral practice. Controlled Vocabulary. A considerable inclination towards conversational approach, does not mean a haphazard presentation of new vocabulary and structures. An arrangement of oral work should be made that befits our conditions. The modern trend is in favour of Teaching scientifically selected and suitably graded structures and vocabulary. The words of high frequency should precede those words which occur less frequently in the course of speaking and reading. The teacher should not impart every thing whatsoever strikes his mind or comes his way. He should rather follow a carefully chartered programme and well-tried methods and principles of selection and gradation. Play-way-Method. The interest of the student is the main concern of the modern way of education. While learning through ‘Play-Way-Method’, he is less conscious of a sense of work, hence no feeling of tiresome, the better he learns. Play-Way-Method captures the attention of the pupil yielding remarkable results and feedback. Plays, dialogues, declamation contests, debates and competition of vocabulary tests stimulate the interest of the students in language learning. Problem solving approach. The way the modern trend fascinates the pupils, is throwing out a problem challenging the pupils to solve it. It targets at creating in them the habits of reflection and thinking. For instance, the teacher offers a problem to the students of secondary class that the markets of Jeddah have turned jem- packed for the wheeled traffic. They will obviously explore ways and means to seek remedy, describing the markets, suggesting alternative roads to divert the vehicular traffic, adequate parking system etc. Consequently, they will use vocabulary, sentence structures and grammar for the purpose describing their survey, comments and remedies without any sense of boredom rather interestingly. Thus they are stimulated and motivated towards the learning process.
Brain Storming is an advanced and modern Teaching technique in which the teacher is not to be a full time participant or speaker rather provides opportunity to the pupils to guess or seek answers. Having given some clues, the teacher strives to elicit answers from them. Pupils guess the answers of the desired questions or the meanings of the new vocabulary using hit and trial method but the right answer is finalized by the teacher in the end. The method enhances the capabilities, potentialities and self confidence of the students.
Reform in the Reading Technique. Despite ancient Synthetic Methods, Analytic or Look – and – Say Methods are now in vogue in the Teaching of reading. Simultaneously teachers are exerting concerted efforts to reform and rationalize the English alphabets to facilitate the beginners for learning reading. Instead of the 26 letters, the new alphabet, called the Augmented Alphabet has 44 symbols, each representing one sound such as ‘ch’ (ك ) in school ‘ce’ (س ) in peace ‘ge’ (ج ) in refuge ‘th’(د ) in this, etc. This system makes for a correspondence among the sounds and symbols.
Precisely, the modern techniques and skills regard the student as the pivot round whose interests and benefits, all Teaching process should revolve. The professional skill and competency of the teacher lies in employing such tools as to capture his interest and attention in order to help remove much of the boredom that comes his way of learning English as a foreign language. [/color]