السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته .. ... In The Name Of Allah ... ...!! ؟؟ِ How Are You All... Would like to share this subject, which contains a simplified explanation of the terms English poetry .. شرح للمصطلحات الشعرية الانجليزيه وامثلة عليها
1- SIMILE التشبيه
A simile is the simplest figure of speech. It is an explicit comparison between two dissimilar parties to make them similar in one or more aspect by the use of an instrument (e.g. like, as, compare; etc.)
Any simile should have four components
tenor -1 مشبة
2- vehicle مشبة بة
3- instrument اداة الشبه
4- ground وجة الشبة
For the world, which seems to lie Before us like a land of dreams
Arnold's simile can be analyzed as follows:
The tenor: the world
The vehicle: a land of dreams
The instrument: like
The ground or the aspects of similarity: happiness, peace of mind, and joy.
فى هذا المثال شبة الشاعر العالم بارض الاحلام فيكون وجة الشبه هو الفرح
وصفاء الذهن والمشبة هو العالم المشبة بة هو ارض الاحلام والاداة هى مثل
Try to analyze the simile in the following line as I've already done above .... answer in your post
O, My love's like a red, red Rose
_____________________ 2- METAPHOR
There are different types of metaphors let us study the first one (implied or suggested metapor)
The simplest definition of a metaphor refers to it as an
implicit * comparison between two parties between two dissimilar
parties to make them similar in one aspect or more without any use of
instrument. The use of the "rose" in Burn's simile, "O, My love's like a
red, red Rose," is different from its use in the following lines:
She was our queen, our rose, our star,
And then she danced- O heaven, her dancing !
In the above lines, the poet likens the lady concerned (
Queen Elizabeth I) to a "rose", and a "star" without using an
tenor is the lady described
vehicle 1- the rose 2-the star
1- beauty of colour, tenderness, and nice smell
2- brightness, majesty, and elevation
There are two other forms of the METAPHOR:
1- The first is the one in which an attribute or quality of the vehicle
is transferred to the tenor without being related. This is clear in the
She was our queen, our rose, our star,
And then she danced- O heaven, her dancing!
يبقى تانى شكل من الاستعارة هو ان صفة من المشبة بة تنقل الى المشبة بطريقة غير مباشرة.
يعنى المفروض ان الشاعر وصف الملكة بالزهرة والنجمة ....
يبقى الملكة = الزهرة = النجمة
فوصف فى البيت الثاني ان هذة الزهرة رقصت يبقى دة النوع التانى من الاستعارة لان الزهرة لا يمكن ان ترقص...
The third form of the METAPHOR is the one in which the poet concertizes the abstract
EX: Love with youth flies swift away
Here the abstract noun "love" is made concrete "a bird that flies"
الشكل الثالث ان الشاعر يجعل من الشئ المعنوى كالحب مثلا شئ مادى محسوس كالطير. 3- PERSONIFICATION
Personification is a metaphorical device used by poets when they:
2- or when they attribute human qualities to nonhuman objects or abstract ideas
In other words it is a type of metaphor in which
the vehicle is confined to a human being. When Robert Herrick says to
And having prayed together, we
will go with you along
We realize that he is using the word "prayed" in a
metaphorical sense. People pray, but the daffodils do not; and so they
are personified in order to convince* the reader of the flower's
Let us look analyze the following example
Let not ambition* mock* their useful toil
In this line the poet personifies both ambition by comparing it to someone who mocks
Also the use of the third person pronouns (he, she, him, his, her) to refer to nonhuman objects is another device of making personification. Spenser personifies Phoebus* in "Eliza*"
I saw Phoebus thrust out his golden head
Upon her to gaze
Onomatopoeia is a musical tool in which the sounds of words reflects
their meanings.Poets use onomatopoeic words not only as direct verbal imitation of natural sounds, but also as compressive device of implying the senses they are intended to represent. Robert Lowell in "Between the Porch and the Alter" says
when we try to kiss, Our eyes are slits and cringing*, and we hiss*...
The word hiss is onomatopoeia. Hiss is the sound of snakes and the poet uses it in order to transmit his feelings of bitterness, betray after the return of his sweetheart to him
another form of the onomatopoeia:
onomatopoeia may be suggested through a specific order of some sounds or repetition of some words. Consider the word "trod" in the following line:
Generations* have trod*, have trod, have trod.
In this line the onomatopoeia refers to . . . . Try to answer
:With Best Wishes :Your Sister