Rules of word stress in English*
1/stress on first syllable:
Most 2-syllable nouns.
PREsent, EXport, CHIna, TAble.
Most 2-syllable adjectives.
PREsent, SLENder, CLEver, HAPpy.
2/stress on last syllable:
Most 2-syllable verbs.
To preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to beGIN.
3/stress on penultimate syllable (penultimate =second from the end) :
Words ending in-ic .
GRAphic , geoGRAphic, geoLOgic.
Words ending in ( sion, tion).
4/stress on ante-penultimate syllable (ante-penultimate=third from the end):
Words ending in ( cy, ty, phy, gy).
DeMOcracy , dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOlogy.
Words ending in - al.
5/compound words (words with two parts):
For compound nouns, the stress is on the first part.
For compound adjectives, the stress is on the second part.
For compound verbs, the stress is on the second part.
To underSTAND, to overFLOW.