Ibn Sina is Abu Ali Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sina, known in medicine, philosophy, and worked with them. Born in the village (Ovcnp) Persian near Bukhara (now in Uzbekistan) of the father of the city of Balkh (now in Afghanistan) and whether or village 370 years AH (980 AD) and died in Hamadan years 427 e (1037 m). Known as the Sheikh, President, and he called the prince of Western doctors and father of modern medicine. He has written 450 books on various topics, many of which focuses on philosophy and medicine. The Ibn Sina is one of the first books on medicine in the world and I follow the approach or method of Hippocrates and Galen. The most famous work The Book of Healing and the book of the law in medicine.
Is Abu Ali Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali ibn Sina, known as Sheikh President, was born at zero (370 e 980 m) from a family of Persian origin in the village of Ovcnp of steam throughout the State Samani.
Ibn Sina was known titles, including: the right argument, honor the king, Sheikh, President, ruling the Constitution, the third milestone, the minister.
His father and his brother, who responded to the calls of Ismailia, but Ibn Sina did not accept this doctrine, but rejected as saying: "I could hear and understand what they say they do not accept myself."
Memorize the Koran and not the knowledge of grammar and it is ten years old, wished to Ibn Sina in the study of medicine, Fkv to read medical books, and featured in this science in a short period, and this was confirmed by saying: "The science of medicine is not the hard sciences, there is no offense, I figured it in less time. " And he was at that time sixteen years old, and studied at the hands of Ibn Sahl and Abu Mansur Falahat-Hasan ibn Nuh lunar.
The beginnings of his philosophical and logical at the hands of God Naieli, who was called Palmtvelsv, and it seems that it was not an in-depth in his knowledge, went away from him by Ibn Sina, shortly after, and began to read himself, but found difficulty in their study, Fbzl a long time so that she understands very well, "says : "Then there on science and reading, drawn up to read all parts of the logic and philosophy, and in this period, grew to night length, and worked with other day, and collected in the hands visible."
He sticks to understand the nature of a book until after he read forty times, Viis of understanding, but this dilemma has been when he read the book Al-Farabi for purposes beyond nature.
He lived Ibn Sina in the midst of the conditions of storm and filled with unrest and political instability, where he lived for a period of decline of the Abbasid state, in the age of the caliphs obedient and capable, Qaim and others, and this is what make the country prey to the greedy from all over the world, Vaguettat of the country's many regions, and held the states rival and feuding with them.
Not only the case of weakness to those parties, and even reached to the center of succession, where the king took control in Baghdad, and became a puppet Caliph own hands, and reached the state of weakness of this peak with the fall of the Albuehip and the establishment of the Seljuk State headed by Tgrbak.
Ibn Sina was puzzled about the question if he did not find a solution the question, did not accrue in the East reduction measure, he says: "There have been to the mosque and prayed and prayed to the creator of all, even open my CSS, and facilitate the insolvent."
Attributed to him also that he had to say: "I returned at night to Dare and I put the OS between my hands and I work in reading and writing, no matter kept quiet sleep or felt weak, was amended to drink a cup of drink pending return to my strength, and then go back to reading."
According to Ibn Sina of his genius early in Medicine, treated, patients love the good and benefit from science, not in order to earn a living, and opened his doors on the impact of treatment to the Mansour bin Noah Samani disease doctors were unable to recover from, in sin to him, and opened the doors of his library was rich in precious things books and folders of manuscripts, it turned to read book after book.
Then received adequate care by Nuh ibn Mansur Samani, who succeeded his father in power, making the Ibn Sina live in a state of psychological stability was reflected on his accomplishments, Vtboo a prominent place of science, particularly in the science of medicine and psychology, has added much to this science which introduced him, was written in natural science, engineering, mathematics, chemistry and other disciplines, such as the "Book of the manual East in logic," and "principle and the re-", and "astronomical observations" and "law", however, occurred after the disturbances disappeared on impact when a friend has called the Son of Ghalib Al-Attar, Vsnf all natural science and theology, except for a book of animals and plants .. And began to logic, and wrote part of it, and then was sent to prison and remained imprisoned in the castle "Nrdoan" four months in which he wrote a book of guidance.
Was his character is serious to accept the challenge and delve deep into the issues, For the impact of dialogue occurred between him and the man Native "Abu Mansour tax," pointing to where the flaws in the science of language at the Ibn Sina, has been studying the language for three full years, reaching a result that ranked great in the language and established three poems including cryptic alien language.
Work with President Sheikh knowledge of meteorology eight years, has tried in these studies to identify what Ptolemy wrote, and wrote a book fair in Meteorology in record time.
Adopted by Ibn Sina in medicine and in the observation described by the patient and the description of anatomically "and physiology, and benefited from this splanchnography in the diagnosis of the disease.
Adopted in the exercise of medical experience and learn from the experiences of his predecessors, the first of said infection and transmission of infectious diseases through water and soil, especially tuberculosis infection.
It is the first to describe meningitis and showed the difference between the inflammation of the veil separating the lungs and inflammation of pleurisy.
It is the first to discover the roundworm or hookworm worm by Italian doctor Robinti more than eight hundred years.
It is the first to discover the difference between injury jaundice resulting from the dissolution of blood cells, and the injury of jaundice resulting from biliary obstruction.
It is the first description of the disease anthrax, called the sacred fire.
And the first to occur and accurately for stroke, or the so-called sudden death.
Among the achievements of Ibn Sina
and creativity of scientific discovery to some stimulant drugs for the movement of the heart.
The discovery of the types of Almrkdat or drugs that must be given to patients before a surgical procedure to relieve them were suffering from pain during surgery and afterwards.
And Ibn Sina
who discovered the blue is given to patients under the skin to push them to objects medicine patients.
Also described Ibn Sina
infections and skin disorders accurately in his medical book huge "Law", and in this book describe Ibn Sina
sexually transmitted diseases and the best researched, and people of puerperal fever among women, and concluded that they result from the decay of the uterus.
It was one of the early Muslim scholars who were interested in psychological treatment, and monitoring of the impact of this treatment on nerve pain and pain of love disease particular, Ibn Sina
has practiced what guided him by the treatments and applied to many patients.
In physics, Ibn Sina
discovered that the vision or light prior to the sound Kdu lightning precedes thunder, for example, we see flashes Imambargah then hear his voice.
also spoke about that there is a relationship between the hearing and the ripple of the air, rippling Without this there would be no transmission of voice, do not listen to him.
We have invented a machine like Ibn Sina
Alorner machine used in our time to measure the smallest unit of the ruler to measure the sections lengths accurately.
I was a doctor of his time and skilful, and his books have been translated to become physicians globally and over four hundred years.
Of his most famous books in medicine, "the law", which became one of the basic references universities in Europe, so he studied at the universities "Montpellier" and "Louvain" to the end of the seventeenth century. This was the book with the author of "Al Mansouri" of Razi, a basic reference taught at the Universities of Vienna and Frankfurt during the sixteenth century.
Meeting of the book "the law" merits investigation and survey, briefing and coordination, contained a basic principles of medicine and its branches, to explain the symptoms, a description of the treatment, and the preparation of lists of drugs and surgery and citizen instruments.
When contacted chemistry to medicine and drugs and their components was Ibn Sina
a leading role in this science flour, Vahtam mineral interest owner Jaber Ibn Hayyan, and the Corps of his conduct in the composition of minerals.
It has manufactured drugs and medicines, have pointed in this regard to a large number of chemical processes, Kaltkotair filtering and escalation, recovery and waxing, and has had its organs and the treatment, like chemists, such as Al-Razi and others.
The views of Ibn Sina
Ibn Sina's views of education received in many of his books by Arabic and Persian, but the more opinions educational found in the message named "The Book of Politics", and highlighted what has characterized the doctrine educational Ibn Sina, is that education has not been limited to one phase, the entry of the child school, but included the child-rearing from the moment of his birth until his marriage and his involvement in social life, as it is not based on one aspect or some aspects of human personality to neglect other aspects, but focused on the unity of the human personality and integration of mental, physical and emotional.
Education Alsinaoip affected by the teachings of the Islamic religion, especially the Holy Quran and Sunnah, as well as Greek philosophy and Hellenistic.
Ibn Sina's keenness to strengthen the psychological reasoning behind his opinions, has succeeded far successful in this field, is reason to believe that this is due to a large extent to the disdain of the medical profession.
Jens did not interest the child from the moment of his birth, where he focused on the good name for a baby, because of its implications for the child's personality, also focused on the role of breastfeeding from the mother.
The pre-school, Ibn Sina
was considered a mental stage where we plan future child's personality, as a phase are to gain all the habits and foul and clean them both.
It also encourages physical education, sees education as essential, not specific to a certain age or stage, and therefore makes it compatible and commensurate with each of the phases of life, and finds that the age of six is the appropriate age for children to start education.
The approach to be followed in teaching, he says, Ibn Sina: "If the joints become more boy, and his tongue is firmly established, and prepared to teach, and the awareness of reputation, taking in learning the Koran and pictures of letters of the alphabet, and transfer features of religion." In the techniques and methods of education, has taken into account the Ibn Sina
individual differences between pupils, and urged on collective learning, as called for reorientation of students according to their interests and talents.
focused on the principles of reward and punishment is not moral and physical, and felt that they should take into account the nature of the learner and the work of his actions, and should be, ranging from symptoms to Aliihash, Valtrhib, Valtobej. The penalty has a direct and guide behavior and was keen to modify it gently, as keen to be the motive behind the punishment is not revenge and hatred, but a good upbringing and dedication to work.
As for the qualities of the teacher, says Ibn Sina: "The polite boy be a seer sport ethics, subtle graduation of young boys", where should the teacher be a world teach the same things the enactment of childhood and adolescence, and be dignified and solemn, and it also has a direct impact students, where he will accompany him and settle this first printing.
Thus, the Ibn Sina
has put together educationally derived foundations of religion, and the reality of his time and society, to meet the requirements of society and help to promote and salvation, which is where the dissolution and loss of values, it is social education in every sense of the word, multi-faceted: individual, societal, ethical, religious , a professional.
This is what makes Sheikh, President of the owners of doctrines educational merit the attention and study, and in the doctrines of this philosopher of ideas and scientific theories makes him worthy of that provide humanitarian Bmain wellspring of knowledge, and the fork to the education and policy reform after standing Bmain of philosophy and medicine.
in his accomplishments:
was impressed Alabakrien, told the authors, although the consequences of positions and his travels to the country's remote, and in a matter of war and the folds of strife civil enable the development of many books there is a pleasant enough one of the founding of his glory, and place it among the top of the Elders of the Orient. Has no more than a hundred books vary in proficiency, but they also thanks to him and his knowledge of the other sciences of his time, and Ankbabh to work in the most critical conditions. Most Twalifa are still reserved to the present day, and many of his books great, such as law and healing, have been translated into Latin, and printed several times.
Recent book of healing, one of the encyclopedias of science and encyclopedias, in eighteen volumes, preserved by including a complete copy at the University of Oxford, "and survived a brief recovery," by the president's desire to satisfy some Osfiaih has been printed in the Arab origin after the "law" in Rome in 1593, a in three sections; logic and natural science and metaphysics, and not where the section on science sports mentioned by Ibn Sina
in the beginning of the book, he said, should be mentioned in the middle between natural science and the science behind the natural, has been printed in books are full and scattered several times in Latin, including the G-printed in Venice in 1495 include: logic, natural science, the sky and the world, spirit, animal life, the philosophy of Al-Farabi on the mind, first philosophy.
Also quoted "Naveh" the logic of Ibn Sina
into French and published in Paris in 1658, as well as the printed label "Gert" Arjosh Ibn Sina
in the "Group of Arab philosophy." The Ibn Sina's philosophy is a philosophy other than the followers of Aristotle did not feature in the annexed from the teachings of what else was annexed by the wisdom of philosophers of the Arabs. Ibn al-parasite in his book "Ben Yakzhan neighborhood" that Ibn Sina, said in the chapeau of healing that fact in his opinion is not in this category, but who wants Vlelthompsha EXISTS in the Book of Wisdom, however, that this book did not reach us, as noted above. Conclusion:
Not-Sheikh in one day languid in his knowledge, but the days must elapse, and hit his body disease and ails, so it was said that he was sick a week and heal the week, and more to take the drugs, but his illness intensified, and learned that it does not benefit from treatment, disregarded himself and said: "The mastermind who was launched in the inability to measure physical, not Tnfn Treatment", and washed, and repent, and believe with his money to the poor, and freed slaves seeking forgiveness