We all know about adverbs which are one of the parts of speech that mod ify or qualify a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Now in this topic let us learn about dif ferent kinds of adverbs, when we have to use them and how to use them.
Example: She drove slowly. (Mod ify a verb).
He drove the car very fast (mod i fies adjective).
He drove quite slowly all the way down.(modifies another adverb).
Adverbs are classified into the following 5 types.
Adverbs of manner
Adverbs of place
Adverbs of time
Adverbs of frequency
Adverbs of degree
ADVERBS OF MANNER –These adverbs answer the question ‘how’.
These adverbs usually come after the direct object. If there is no direct object, they come after the verb.
He speaks English beautifully.
She sings well.
ADVERBS OF PLACE – They answer the question ‘where’.
These adverbs usually come after the object or other wise, after the verb.
We saw Sam there.
Anitha was sit ting here.
We searched every where.
Have you seen my room keys any where?
I’m sure he lost it some where.
ADVERBS OF TIME - They answer the question ‘when’.
These adverbs usually are to be used at the very beginning of the sentence or at the end.
After wards we planned a trip for Goa.
I already read that article before.
Note: yet should be always placed at the end of the sentence.
Still should be placed prior to the verb in a sentence. The exception is the verb ‘to be’, where it comes after the verb.
I haven’t started preparation for the exams yet.
I’m still a student.
He still hasn’t arrived.
He hasn’t arrived yet.
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY — These adverbs answer the question ‘how many times’.
She is always honest.
They come before simple tenses of all verbs.
They some times spend the whole of Sun day fishing.
Comes after the first aux iliary in a sentence con taining more than one verb.
I have often amazed how they per formed so.
He can some times go with out sleep for days.
With ‘used to’ and ‘have’, the frequency adverb is usu ally placed in the front of the sentence.
I always used to look for ward for the week ends.
I never had any trou ble with my old bike.
ADVERBS OF DEGREE
— These adverbs answer the ques tion ‘to what extent’?
These adverbs mod ify an adverb or an adjec tive and usu ally come before the word they modify.
The bench is almost full, nearly empty.
He should be able to pass the exam quite easily.
He quite under stands.
I had almost reached my house when my father went.
I am just switch ing to a new job.
If you begin a sen tence with one of the fol low ing adverbs, the nor mal order of words change, i.e., the verb comes first fol lowed by the subject.
Never, not only,scarcely when, sel dom, only then, no sooner than, nowhere,in no cir cum stances, no sooner than, on no account,