Adjuncts are adverbs of manner. The normal position for adverbs of manner is at the end of a clause: Israel cannonaded Gaza Strip ( heavily). In passive constructions , the adverb can precede or follow the past participle :Gaza Strip was heavily cannonaded.Gaza Strip was cannonaded heavily.
Adverbs of manner saying how an action is performed can freely occur with action verbs ( kill, occupy ), but not with stative verbs such as knowthink.:
Israelmobilized its forces quickly.
There is a difference , in meaning and position, between adverbs of manner and VIEWPOINT ADVERBS that answer the question From what point of view?
The invasion of Gaza Strip failed politically. (From what point of view did the invasion fail?) Politically, the invasion of Gaza was a failure. In the second sentence , the viewpoint adverb can also come at the end of a sentence , after a break in intonation and a comma in writing: The invasion was a failure, politically. Other viewpoint adverbs would be: educationallyfinancially practicallytheoretically
There is a difference in position and meaning between adverbs of manner that are closely associated with the verb and similar ADVERBS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT. For example
Israel murdered the innocent inhabitants of Gaza brutally.( it murdered them in a brutal manner) and Israel brutally murdered the innocent inhabitants of Gaza. or Israel has brutally murdered the innocent inhabitants of Gaza. Those last two examples could be rephrased Israel was / has been brutal to murder the innocent inhabitants of Gaza .
There are other differences involving adverbs of manner. e.g.
You may talk about the outrageous invasion generally, not in detail. You generally( = usually ) talk about this outrageous invasion in too much detail. Generally (speaking) , I think the invasion of Gaza is an outrageous act. In the first sentence, generally is an adverb of manner answering the question How?; in the second sentence, it is an adverb of frequency ; in the third sentence, it is a disjunct.InBan Ki Mon spoke to the Israelis simply or Ban Ki Mon simply spoke to the Israelis.simply is an adverb of manner in the first sentence answering the question How? But in the second sentence, simply is a focusing adverb, replaceable by onlyAdverbials of time and place TIME ADVERBIALS could answer the following types of question:a When, in the past or future or neither?b Since when?c For how long?
When a series of time adverbials occurs in a sentence , the more detailed information is normally given first , as in :
The heavy shelling of Gaza Strip began at six o'clock in the evening on the twenty seventh of December 2008ADVERBIALS OF PLACE can refer to POSITION, as in The Israelis fought the heroic leaders of HAMAS in Gaza. or to DIRECTION, as inI wish to go to Gaza to fight with the resistance. Adverbials of position may be optional Adjuncts as in the first sentence. If they are obligatory, they would remain at the end of the sentence. If optional, they could come at the beginning so as to emphasize the place of an event or state as in In Gaza, the Israelis fought the heroic leaders of HAMAS. As with adverbials of time, when a series of place adverbials occurs in a sentence the more detailed information comes first, e.g., The Palestinian resistance fought the Israeli invasion forces at Al Zaitoun neighborhood in Gaza.Disjunct and Conjuncts DISJUNCTS express the speaker's or the writer's attitude or approach to the statement he/she is making. They include:a single-word adverbs: briefly certainly frankly generallyhonestly perhaps personally reallyb phrases:in a few words in short of coursec non-finite clauses speaking frankly to tell you the truth to cut a long story short d finite clausesif I may say so if you don't mind my pointing it outExampleshonestly, In short, I loathe Israel for committing these heinous atrocities in Gaza Strip. To tell you the truth,If I may say so,CONJUNCTS introduce a new sentence in a series and link it logically with what has been said before. They include:nevertheless moreover yet consequently besidesas a result in any case on the other hand considering all that to conclude all tings consideredthat is to say what is more what is more importantLike disjuncts , Conjuncts can come at the end of a sentence , after a comma as in Our triumph is very satisfactory, that is to say.Finally, note the difference between the adjunct yet and the conjunct yet :I have not seen any sign of triumph for the Israelis yet. (adjunct)Yet ( conjunct) I have heard so much about the Israeli triumphs that I feel they have lost their battle in the full sense of the word.